Elma Durmisevic

Design for Transformation & high
circular building index

Elma Durmisevic founder of Sarajevo Green Design Foundation, Green Design Biennale and Green Design Centre in Mostar

Elma Durmišević, holds a PhD at Delft University of Technology on Transformable Building Structures, and Design for Disassembly in Architecture.  As Associate Professor at the University of Twente, Durmisevic developed one of the first master program for dynamic and circular buildings that introduced green engineering in architecture.

Durmisevic is a leading architecture authority on Reversible Circular Building Design and Transformable Buildings. Currently founding director of EU Laboratory for Circulir Buildings in The Netherlands “Laboratory for Green Transformable Buildings” , head of 4D Architects office in Amsterdam, EU UIA Expert for Super Circular Estate in the Netherlands, leads development of EU Digital Deconstruction Platform for circular economy in construction (EU Interreg project) and was initiator of one of the first EU Horizon 2020 projects on circular buildings “Buildings as Material Banks Project”.

Hear vision is one in which homes become extensively transformable, and disassembly and reconfiguration is possible at all construction levels, spatial as well as material.
Durmisevic indicates that dynamic changes in use of buildings coupled with growing environmental issues will require fundamentally different way of building design in the future. Hear design portfolio in last 25 years includes urban planning, multifunctional buildings and sports facilities, offices, villas and flexible and energy saving building systems.

During 20 years of research Durmisevic developed tools for measuring circularity and reversibility such as: Reversible BIM module, Reuse Potential tool, Transformation Capacity Tool.

Furthermore hear design guidelines and protocol for reversible building design are integrated (1) into EU guideline for design of circular buildings,(2) EU H2020 BAMB project (3) as well as in hear circular building design case projects. Durmisevic is author and editor of number of books, scientific papers and articles, and invited speaker on series of public lectures, international conferences and universities.

Lecture series /opening:
Vision 2030
18:00 h
Day tone

Green Design Overview/ Opening Lecture
The exponential increase in population and contemporaneous increase in standard of living for many, will mean that the demand for essential goods & services (transportation, cars, planes, but also housing, materials, water, food) will increase by at least a factor 2 in the next few decades. If the need to support an additional 3 billion people and effect of increase per capita consumption is added it is clear that the linear material flow (from excavation to disposal) present in the existing industrial systems is not sustainable. Many scientists speculate that if 9 billion people have a western life style in 2050 we would need 6 Earth’s to provide the necessary resources to sustain a population. A point has been reached when search for sustainable solutions for the resource feedback loops has become unavoidable.
At the times of global climate crises and when natural materials supplies are gradually depleting and becoming increasingly expensive the durability of buildings and products is becoming a major issue. Issues as adaptability, reconfigurability, reuse and recycling will be critical to the building and product value in the future.
Some have suggested that industrial systems could use the metaphor and behavior of biological systems as guidance for sustainable design.
In an ideal case one can adopt as a goal that every molecule that enters a specific manufacturing process should leave as part of a saleable products; that the materials and components in every product should be used to create other useful products at the end of product life; (Greadel and Allenby), and that the main structure of every building can accommodate different use patterns during its total life.
The aim of green design is to close the loop of industrial processes and bring material and energy back into a industrial cycle while eliminating the concept of waste. Unlike car and product design where concept of industrial ecology (closed life cycle of products) has been investigated and applied in the past, this approach is revolutionary when it comes to the building design.
Considering the fact that the modern economic systems relay on ever increasing consumption of products, that product and building use cycle is becoming ever shorter and that most end of life scenarios for buildings and products is waste disposal, there is huge task put in front of designers and production industry. The main question put in front of designers in 21st century is how to design and produce zero waste and carbon neutral products and buildings? This question can be successfully answered only by joint efforts of designers and industry and a more systematic design approach using modern digital technologies and tools that enables timey integration of the requirements of all life cycle phases of a building and materials from the beginning of a design process